Design of Marine Structures
Marine Strutures are defined as those Structures in full or partial contact with Sea Water, as against Riverine
Structures which are those in contact only with fresh water. This distinction is necessary as the marine salt water
environment, together with wind and wave actions contribute a very harsh environment for construction materials and
special care should be taken in their designs, construction and subsequent maintenance. This section will
discuss on the design of Marine Structures such as those used in Ports and Harbours, such as Wharfs, Jetties,
Retaining Walls and their associated structural elements.
Types of Marine Structures
Below are some of more common structures in the Marine Environment
Use of Reinforced Concrete
Without doubt, reinforced concrete is the main construction materials used for Wharfs, Jetties, Retaining Walls,
Cassions, as being most resilient, and if designed and constructed properly, can withstand harsh environment
and if maintained properly can last for many years.